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Theory and Modern Applications

Figure 10 | Advances in Difference Equations

Figure 10

From: Stability analysis of swarming model with time delays

Figure 10

Simulation of the second-order swarming model with time delay (\(\tau =5\)) for five agents, \(N=10 \), and time \(t\in [0,100]\). The corresponding parameters are given as \(\alpha =0.7\), \(\beta =0.5\), \(C_{a}=1\), \(l_{a}=1\), \(C_{r}=5 \), and \(l_{r}=100\). The position of each agent is depicted by a circle and the velocity is represented by a vector at agent’s position

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